Venue & Location
Cluj-Napoca, the historical capital of Transylvania, is the third largest city in Romania being situated in the northwestern part of the country roughly equidistant from Bucharest (324 kilometres (201 miles)), Budapest (351 km (218 mi)) and Belgrade (322 km (200 mi)).
Cluj-Napoca traces its origins back to the Dacian settlement of Napuca, being renamed Napoca after the Roman conquest of Dacia. The city received the rank of "municipium" in 124 A.D. and "colonia", the highest possible urban status in the Roman Empire during Marcus Aurelius' reign. The name Cluj comes from Castrum Clus (meaning closed in Latin), first used in the XIIth century. German colonists arrived here in the XIIth century rebuilt the medieval earthen walls of Clus in stone after the Tartar invasion from 1241. Known as Klausenburg to the Germans and Kolozsvár to the Hungarians, the city, commonly known as Cluj, became Cluj-Napoca in the 1970s. Nowadays, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania.
The main square, resplendent with XVIIIth and XIXth century buildings and home for many shops and restaurants, is dominated by the XVth century Roman Catholic St. Michael's Church, one of the finest examples of gothic architecture in Romania and the equestrian statue of Mathias Rex. The square also claims the XVIIIth century baroque Banffy Palace, housing the weaponry and Romanian art collections of the Art Museum. Visitors who want to learn more about the region should pay a visit to the open-air section of the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania, a true display of folk architecture. For entertainment, spend an enjoyable evening at the Opera or attend a classical music concert offered by the Cluj Philharmonic. The tourists are advised to visit also the “Alexandru Borza” Botanical Garden; “Simion Barnutiu” Central Park; the “Lucian Blaga” National Theatre and Romanian Opera; The Hungarian State Theatre and Opera, The Mathias Corvinus House; The Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral; The Reformed Church.
Location & Getting there
Avram Iancu International Airport of Cluj-Napoca has connections to Bucharest, Istanbul, Munich, London/Luton, Vienna, Milano/Bergamo, Bologna, Bari, Rome, Venice/Treviso, Paris/Beauvais, Brussels/Charleroi, Bratislava, Eindhoven, Barcelona, Valencia, Madrid, Zaragoza, Geneva, Basel, Malmo, Stockholm/Skavsta, Billund, Nuremberg, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund and Tel Aviv. The airline companies are Wizzair, TAROM, Turkish Airlines, Lufthansa, Ryanair and Blueair.
Another alternative to reach Cluj-Napoca is through Budapest Ferihegy Airport, then a six to eight hours shuttle trip. You can find shuttles from early morning till late night. Prices are around 90 RON (20 EUR; places must be booked prior departure).
There are train connections from Cluj-Napoca to most Romanian cities: Oradea, Arad, Timisoara, Brasov, Iasi, Ploiesti and Bucharest.There is a direct train between Vienna and Cluj via Budapest which lasts ca. 10 hours 45 minutes and tickets start from 34€ -> https://www.oebb.at/. The average trip from Cluj to Budapest is around 8 hours. Cluj to Bucharest can vary between 8 and 12 hours. The average speed travel is 50km/h.
You can travel throughout Romania by trains operated by the Romanian railway company CFR (Căile Ferate Române) or by other private operators such as Regiotrans, Interegional, Transferoviar Calatori and Softrans. The timetables of Romanian trains are available on the CFR website https://www.cfrcalatori.ro/en or on http://www.tren.transira.ro/
Cluj-Napoca has good road connections. European road E60 links it to Bucharest and Brasov (south), Oradea and Budapest (west), through Borș customs. E81 leads to Zalau and Satu Mare (north). E58 links Cluj-Napoca to Dej, Bistrita, Baia Mare and Vatra Dornei (north-west).
Cluj-Napoca can be reached by bus from Bucharest. There are connections to all major cities in Romania and most cities in Transylvania.
Multiple major cities of Europe are well connected to Cluj-Napoca such as Vienna, London, Budapest, Munchen, Chişinău etc.
There are buses and minibuses connecting Budapest to Transylvania, which depart between late afternoon/late evenings from Nepliget parking place (about 5 min by walk from the bus station).
Companies that operate externally from European cities to Cluj: Eurolines, Atlassib, OrangeWay, Flixbus etc. Companies that operate internally from Cluj to other cities are Fany, Centrotrans, Dacos, Alis.